Welcome!

I’m currently a graduate student in the Quantum Science and Technologies Group in the Hearne Institute for Theoretical Physics at Louisiana State University under the supervision of Mark Wilde.  Previously, I was a Master’s student at the Institute for Quantum Computing at the University of Waterloo under the supervision of Norbert Lütkenhaus.

My research is in the general area of quantum information theory. For the past couple of years my focus has been on quantum cryptography, specifically quantum key distribution. I am also interested in quantum networks as well as quantum computing, specifically applying machine learning methods to quantum algorithms for near-term applications. Check out my research for details on what I’ve been working on, as well as my Google Scholar page and my papers on arXiv. I’ve also compiled a list of introductory resources on the topics pertaining to my research and to physics in general.

You can contact me at skhatr5 [at] lsu [dot] edu.

Latest Papers

Practical figures of merit and thresholds for entanglement distribution in large-scale quantum repeater networks

Abstract:

Before global-scale quantum networks become operational, it is important to consider how to evaluate their performance so that they can be suitably built to achieve the desired performance. In this work, we consider three figures of merit for the performance of a quantum network: the average global connection time, the average point-to-point connection time, and the average largest entanglement cluster size. These three quantities are based on the generation of elementary links in a quantum network, which is a crucial initial requirement that must be met before any long-range entanglement distribution can be achieved. We evaluate these figures of merit for a particular class of quantum repeater protocols consisting of repeat-until-success elementary link generation along with entanglement swapping at intermediate nodes in order to achieve long-range entanglement. We obtain lower and upper bounds on these three quantities, which lead to requirements on quantum memory coherence times and other aspects of quantum network implementations. Our bounds are based solely on the inherently probabilistic nature of elementary link generation in quantum networks, and they apply to networks with arbitrary topology.

Extendibility of bosonic Gaussian states

Abstract:

Extendibility of bosonic Gaussian states is a key issue in continuous-variable quantum information. We show that a bosonic Gaussian state is k-extendible if and only if it has a Gaussian k-extension, and we derive a simple semidefinite program, whose size scales linearly with the number of local modes, to efficiently decide k-extendibility of any given bosonic Gaussian state. When the system to be extended comprises one mode only, we provide a closed-form solution. Implications of these results for the steerability of quantum states and for the extendibility of bosonic Gaussian channels are discussed. We then derive upper bounds on the distance of a k-extendible bosonic Gaussian state to the set of all separable states, in terms of trace norm and Rényi relative entropies. These bounds, which can be seen as “Gaussian de Finetti theorems,” exhibit a universal scaling in the total number of modes, independently of the mean energy of the state. Finally, we establish an upper bound on the entanglement of formation of Gaussian k-extendible states, which has no analogue in the finite-dimensional setting.

 

Information-theoretic aspects of the generalized amplitude damping channel

Abstract:

The generalized amplitude damping channel (GADC) is one of the sources of noise in superconducting-circuit-based quantum computing. It can be viewed as the qubit analogue of the bosonic thermal channel, and it thus can be used to model lossy processes in the presence of background noise for low-temperature systems. In this work, we provide an information-theoretic study of the GADC. We first determine the parameter range for which the GADC is entanglement breaking and the range for which it is anti-degradable. We then establish several upper bounds on its classical, quantum, and private capacities. These bounds are based on data-processing inequalities and the uniform continuity of information-theoretic quantities, as well as other techniques. Our upper bounds on the quantum capacity of the GADC are tighter than the known upper bound reported recently in [Rosati et al., Nat. Commun. 9, 4339 (2018)] for the entire parameter range of the GADC, thus reducing the gap between the lower and upper bounds. We also establish upper bounds on the two-way assisted quantum and private capacities of the GADC. These bounds are based on the squashed entanglement, and they are established by constructing particular squashing channels. We compare these bounds with the max-Rains information bound, the mutual information bound, and another bound based on approximate covariance. For all capacities considered, we find that a large variety of techniques are useful in establishing bounds.